The term artificial intelligence was coined in 1956, but AI has become more popular today due to increased data volumes, advanced algorithms, and improvements in computing power and storage. Early AI research in the 1950s explored topics like problem-solving and symbolic methods. In the 1960s, the US Department of Defense took interest in this type of work and began training computers to mimic basic human reasoning. AI ranges from machines truly capable of thinking to search algorithms used to play board games. It has applications in nearly every way we use computers in society. 

In this article:

  • What is Artificial Intelligence?
  • Benefits and Risks of Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a computer program to learn and think. Everything can be considered Artificial intelligence if it involves a program doing something that we would normally think would rely on the intelligence of a human. Some of the activities computers with artificial intelligence are designed for include:

  • Speech recognition
  • Learning
  • Planning
  • Problem-solving

Benefits and Risks of Artificial Intelligence

AI is powering many inventions in almost every domain which will help humans solve the majority of complex problems. Using AI alongside other technologies we can make machines take decisions faster than a human and carry out actions quicker. While taking a decision human will analyze many factors both emotionally and practically but AI-powered machine works on what it is programmed and delivers the results in a faster way. Daily applications such as Apple’s Siri, Window’s Cortana, Google’s OK Google are frequently used in our daily routine whether it is for searching a location, taking a selfie, making a phone call, replying to a mail and many more.

When it comes to disadvantages of AI, they require large costs as it is a complex machine. Apart from the installation cost, its repair and maintenance also require huge costs. The software programs need frequent up-gradation and cater to the needs of the changing environment. AI also doesn’t know what is ethical and what is legal and because of this, do not have their own judgment making skills. They do what they are told to do and therefore the judgment of right or wrong is nil for them. If they encounter a situation that is unfamiliar to them then they perform incorrectly or else break down in such situations.

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